เลือดจาง - Anemia

Anaemia : A silent threat to health

Anaemia. What causes anaemia? It can create serious health problems.

Do you have any of these symptoms? Frequent tiredness, fatigue, light-headedness, dizziness, palpitations? If you have any of these symptoms, you may be developing anaemia….

What is anaemia?

Anaemia, commonly known in some places as pallor, is a condition in which the amount of red blood cells in the blood is less than normal. Red blood cells are responsible for carrying oxygen to different cells in the body. Therefore, a decrease in red blood cells can result in a variety of abnormal symptoms such as tiredness, fatigue, and symptoms which may be more or less different. This depends on the level of red blood cells in the body.

เลือดจาง - Anemia

What causes anaemia?

Causes of anaemia. The main causes are as follows:

  1. Reduced red blood cell production, which is influenced by:
    • Lack of nutrients necessary for red blood cell formation, including iron deficiency, Vitamin B12 or folic acid, and which may be found in pregnant women.
    • Certain chronic conditions such as kidney failure, liver disease, and arthritis that may result in a decrease in red blood cell production.
    • Diseases of the bone marrow, such as bone marrow atrophy, cancer in the bone marrow, infection in the bone marrow, etc.
  2. Greater destruction of red blood cells than normal in the body. A disease that causes red blood cells to break down more easily than usual. Patients often have signs of jaundice: yellow eyes are also present, such as:
    • Thalassemia is a common hereditary disease that can have a wide range of symptoms, ranging from asymptomatic or rapid anaemia with fever. Enlarged spleen or liver at a young age
    • Red blood cell disease is easily caused by damage to one’s own immunity system. It is often found in conjunction with other immune system diseases, and is more common in females of reproductive age.
    • Red blood cell rupture caused by G-6PD deficiency, which is a hereditary disease, usually found in men. In normal conditions, there are no symptoms, but anaemia develops quickly in case of infection or stimulation. The patient may have jaundice, Coke-coloured urine, fatigue.
    • Some infections such as malaria, clostridium, mycoplasma, etc.
  3. Sudden blood loss, such as an accidental haemorrhage, chronic blood loss, such as menstrual blood loss in women of childbearing age, which may be caused by minor gastrointestinal bleeding for a long time, from colon cancer, stomach ulcers, etc.

Symptoms that may be observed in anemia

  • Frequent tiredness, fatigue
  • Some people may say that you look pale.
  • Yellow eyes, jaundice
  • Difficulty breathing during exertion
  • Numbness dizziness
  • Fainting, loss of consciousness
อาการภาวะ โลหิตจาง - Symptoms anaemia

What to do when anaemia is suspected?

If you suspect symptoms of anaemia, you should see your doctor for a history check and choose the appropriate laboratory test.

Critical laboratory tests

Anaemia detection program

  1. Complete blood count & Peripheral blood smear
  2. Serum ferritin
  3. Iron study

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